The complaints against the King in the Declaration of Independence are in four categories. Which complaints would be in the category "Unjust acts of Parliament"? 

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rrteacher | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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Many of the complaints against the King are actually aimed at his refusal to give assent to laws passed in the colonies, which are described as "most wholesome and necessary to the public good." That said, there is a significant section of the document that points to Parliamentary laws which the king approved. Most of the unjust acts of Parliament mentioned in the Declaration are related to the so-called "Intolerable Acts" passed in 1774. They include the following:

He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation...

For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent...

These are general references to the policies of Parliament that have subjected the colonies to laws to which they had not given their assent. 

For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

This refers to the Quartering Act of 1774, which, among other things, gave royal governors the power to seize private homes for quartering soldiers.

For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world...

This refers to the general policies enacted by the Navigation Acts, which, in short, outlawed American trade with Europe, or even the Tea Act, which mandated that Americans import tea only from the East India Tea Company. It could be also construed to apply to the Boston Port Act, which sealed off the port of Boston to trade with the rest of the world.

For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences...

This also refers to the Navigation Acts, which created Admiralty courts in which alleged smugglers would be tried.


For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies...

This is a reference to the Quebec Act, which extended that territory's borders into the area behind the Appalachians, which were closed to American settlement by the Proclamation of 1765. The Act also protected the exercise of the Catholic religion in the province, supposedly to the detriment of the territory's Protestants.  By "free System of English Laws," the Declaration refers to the fact that the Quebec Act provided for the primacy of French civil (but not criminal) law in the province. This was taken as a deep insult by the colonists, and the more conspiratorial-minded politicians among them charged that Parliament was using the region as a means of strategically encircling the increasingly rebellious colonies.

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