Segregation and the Civil Rights Movement

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Comparing Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X, what influence and/or impact did one or both of these men have on "Dred Scott vs. Sanford" contributing to Civil Rights?

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First of all, please note that these two men lived long after the Dred Scott decision.  Therefore they had no impact on the case itself.  

In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court said (in part) that African Americans could not be full citizens of the United States.  ...

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First of all, please note that these two men lived long after the Dred Scott decision.  Therefore they had no impact on the case itself.  

In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court said (in part) that African Americans could not be full citizens of the United States.   By the time that King and Malcolm X were alive, the 14th Amendment had been ratified and so African Americans were citizens.  What these two men did was to work to try to make those citizenship rights apply in reality, not just in principle.  King, in particular, was working to try to bring about equal rights for African Americans.  He was trying to ensure that they truly would enjoy the equal protection of the laws that was supposed to be given to all citizens.

Therefore, King and, to a lesser degree, Malcolm X were working to truly overturn the idea from the Dred Scott case.  They were trying to ensure that African Americans truly had the same rights as whites so they truly could be citizens of the US.

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