What is a comparison between early humans perspectives on death and the afterlife for literate and preliterate societies, such as Egypt and Mesopotamia? 

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Karyth Cara eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Mummification in Egypt was a critical part of their beliefs about death and the afterlife. Egyptians believed that life after death was a continuation of physical life and that important funerary preparations needed to be performed on behalf of the dead so that their journey to the afterlife could be a successful one, as they thought that hindrances could occur during that journey just as hindrances occur in human journey through life.