Compare the advantages and disadvantages of sexual reproduction and asexual reproduction in plants. Provide two advantages and two disadvantages for each type of reproduction.

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The advantages and disadvantages for asexual and sexual reproduction are going to be the same advantages and disadvantages for more kingdoms of life than only plants.

One advantage of asexual reproduction is that time and energy is not wasted on having to find a mate to combine genetic coding with. Plants don't seek and find a mate the same way that an animal might, but a plant has to survive long enough and get lucky enough for the pollen to be distributed in just the right way from another individual. With asexual reproduction there is no waiting for that. Asexual reproduction is fast and efficient, and this means that a population could increase in size at a rate that sexual reproduction can't match.

A disadvantage of asexual reproduction is that it doesn't introduce new genetic combinations of coding into the population. This means that a disease that affects one individual can affect all of the individuals.

Sexual reproduction has its own advantages. One such advantage is that new genetic information is always being created. Genetic diversity is key to a strong, healthy, and long lasting population. Because genetic diversity is being created, the species is more likely to adapt to multiple environments, and a single disease isn't likely to wipe out the population.

A disadvantage of sexual reproduction is that it takes time and energy to find a mate. A plant might produce thousands of pollen grains that don't land where they need to land, and that plant then fails to reproduce. Another disadvantage comes into play as population numbers dwindle. Finding an available mate becomes extremely difficult. Taken to an extreme, if a plant is the last of its kind and it sexually reproduces, that plant will go extinct.

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