Why was the “New South” more a slogan than a reality?  

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The New South was represented by a diversification of agriculture, away from "king cotton," and the development of new strains of tobacco, primarily burley and brightleaf tobacco. One particular producer in Durham, N.C. produced a burley tobacco package with a bull on the package; hence the name "Bull Durham." Additionally, textiles became a prominent industrial factor in the South although few other industries moved south. The textile industry remained important to the south until the 1970's.

"New South" was more a slogan than a reality because the former leaders of the Old South were also the leaders of the New South. They called themselves "redeemers" as they considered themselves to be the saviors of southern culture. Those more cynical referred to them as "Bourbons," a reference to a statement by Napoleon about the Bourbon Dynasty that they had forgotten nothing from the French Revolution, but also had learned nothing. It was these same leaders who comprised the membership of...

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