What are the similarities and differences between present-day governmental policies of any two of the countries Mexico, Canada, Brazil, and South Africa?
What are the similarities and differences between the policies concerning the treatment of indigenous people of any two nations and the policies of the United States?
Which policy is the most progressive, and which is the most oppressive?
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To answer these questions, you'll want to refer to any resources at your disposal. Some of the questions you may be able to answer by investigating the countries' government websites. You will also want to consult any textbooks, articles, or other readings you were assigned for the course and also review any notes on class lectures. As we are limited in space, below are few ideas to help get you started.
By consulting South Africa's government website, www.gov.za, we learn that one current political policy for South Africa, issued by President Jacob Zuma Jan. 9, 2014, pertains to returning land that had been taken from the indigenous African people during the enactment of apartheid laws. It is a policy the South African government has been pushing for since 1994, and today, the president was finally able to return the land to the N'wandlamhlarhi Community Property Owners Association. Restoration of the people's land will help ensure that the indigenous African people have access to the wealth which can be derived from the land, bringing with it the insurance of rights to prosperity, health, and freedom.
By consulting Mexico's presidential government website, en.presidencia.gob.mx, and by clicking on the English translation button, if needed, we learn that Mexico's President Enrique Pena Nieto has just initiated a policy to make the Mexican countryside more modern and competitive. Called the National Agrifood Policy, the program will be initiated this year in 2014. The president essentially wants to work alongside current farmers' and peasants' organizations to increase food productivity. He wants to "harvest more in every hectare and breed more cattle in every ranch or stable." Higher food production levels will also increase the income for those living in the countryside, plus provide more food at lower prices for all of Mexico. He essentially hopes to increase the quality of life for all of Mexico through the policy. The Mexican government will also be allocating 338.6 billion pesos for this project. He further expresses the truth that the country of Mexico cannot successfully be modernized if its countryside still has not been modernized.
One similarity between these two policies is that they both focus on improving land conditions for the two countries' indigenous people. What's more, the two policies show the countries' governments' recognition that the quality of lands determines the quality of life for the people. For South Africa, restoring land to its people guarantees wealth and prosperity; for Mexico, cultivating its people's land will lead to more wealth and prosperity. The one difference between the two policies is that South Africa's policy refers to restoring land that had once been confiscated, while Mexico's policy refers to cultivating land that is currently in a state of poverty.
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