The rift between Napoleon and Snowball mirrors the difference between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky after the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. The major difference is in political ideology. Snowball, like Trotsky, tries to organize animal committees and teach them how to read. He is trying to make the animals more self-sufficient. Napoleon, like Stalin, is more interested in establishing his personal power. He is not as concerned over the personal welfare of the older animals but instead puts an emphasis on the younger animals. This is because he can more easily mold the younger animals into what he wants them to be. For instance, he takes nine puppies and starts to raise them to be part of his police system. The difference shows up in the decision to build the windmill. Snowball sees the possibility that humans may try to take back Animal Farm. He reads Julius Caesar's battle strategies and begins planning for an attack. After the Battle of the Cowshed, Snowball is heralded as an "animal hero" and the conflict between Napoleon and Snowball escalates.
Snowball and Napoleon
were by far the most active in the debates. But it was noticed that these
two were never in agreement: whatever suggestion either of them made, the
other could be counted on to oppose it.