The primary measure to reduce the incidence of Lyme disease in humans is to stay protected from ticks which carry the disease. All parts of the body should be adequately covered when an outdoor trip is being made and there is a possibility of contact with small mammals and deer. Ticks are easy to spot if light colored clothes are worn. After outdoor trips, the body should be carefully examined for ticks. If they are removed within 36 hours little danger is posed. This can be done easily using a tweezers.
To reduce the incidence of Lymphocytic choriomeningitis, mice and other rodents should not be allowed to enter into the house. Appropriate measures should be taken to eliminate all rodents that may have gained entry in the house. Pet rodents should be kept in a location where they do come in contact with wild rodents and contact with pet rodents should be as less as possible.