Women in the North and the South took on roles that they never would have except for the fact that their husbands and sons were taken away to fight in the war. In the North, women took on leadership roles and took on public responsibility. As a result, they were able to make a new identity for themselves as well as for women in the future.
Women in the South took on the responsibilities of the farms, plantations, homes, and businesses. Many took jobs with the local industries. Some women were active in the battlefield and provided the troops with food, uniforms, and other necessities.
Women with rural responsibilities in both the North and the South took on the responsibility of running the farms. They planted, harvested, canned and took on the responsibility of making sure the farms were kept in order. The war also provided them with new opportunities in medicine. Nurses were in dire need and many were active in the battlefield, nursing and helping the men get back to health.