The Rise of Terrorism Questions and Answers

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How could someone compare and contrast terrorist organizations in Europe and the Middle East, including the funding source for each group.

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Terrorist organizations that operated throughout Western Europe throughout the 1970s and 1980s differed from the religion-driven terrorists that dominate today in significant ways.  Such groups as the Red Army Faction in West Germany, Direct Action in France, the Red Brigades in Italy, and the Communist Combatant Cells in Belgium were politically-motivated organizations composed overwhelmingly of middle-class radicals who opposed capitalism, democracy, and U.S. influence and were supported by the intelligence services of the Soviet Bloc, with the KGB providing money and training.  While evidence existed that these organizations were supported by the Soviet Union, it wasn’t until the end of the Cold War and the opening of the archives of the Soviet and East German intelligence services that definitive proof emerged of the Soviet Bloc’s role in terrorism.  Funding for these organizations, in addition to financial support from the Soviet Union, came from kidnappings and bank...

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