How can you divide slavery, encomiendas, mitas, and haciendas in the Americas into two groups?
I grouped slavery and encomienda together and then mita and hacienda together because i thought that the two in the group are more alike, but you can group them differently, there just needs to be two in a group.
The best way to divide these up is to put haciendas and encomiendas together rather than putting encomiendas in with slavery. Haciendas and encomiendas were both much more like serfdom while the mitas were more like slavery.
In both the encomienda and the hacienda systems, a Spaniard owned an area of land and the services of the Indians who lived there. The Spaniard could compel the Indians to work for him there on his land. The point here is that the Indians were tied to the specfic piece of land.
In contrast, slavery and the mita were not tied to a piece of land. These were both systems where the Spanish could take the laborers and require them to work wherever they wanted. It was not limited to some specific area the way the other two were.