Compare and contrast the Russian and French revolutions.
Despite the French Revolution occurring over a century before the Russian one, in many ways it took place in a far more advanced political and economic system. While Russia in the late nineteenth century consisted of a small nobility and large population of serfs, with only a small middle class, and a limited agricultural economy, France had a substantial class of educated bourgeois and a far more diverse economy and better educational and administrative system.
The French revolution was essentially a capitalist and democratic one, while the Russian one was communistic and authoritarian. The French, after a relatively brief period of instability, had the necessary educational and economic base to transform their nation into a successful modern state, a condition that continues to elude Russia.
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