Compare and contrast the religious and political beliefs of the Persian Empire to classical Greece.

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Classical Greece was a highly diverse group of city-states loosely bound by shifting political ties and alliances. So it is difficult to generalize about the politics of classical Greece. Around 500 B.C., however, when the two civilizations clashed in war, Athens and Sparta were the most powerful and wealthy of the city-states. After the reforms of Kleisthenes, Athens had become a very limited direct democracy, with members of a governing ekklesia elected from citizens by lot. The government also featured a council...

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