Compare and Contrast the methods used to assess personality
Three important ways of assessing personality
Objective personality tests are usually self-report inventories. Self-report inventories are paper-and-pen tests that require people to answer questions about their typical behavior. Commonly used objective tests include the MMPI-2, the 16PF, and the NEO Personality Inventory. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) was developed in the 1940s and revised in the 1980s. The revised version is called the MMPI-2. The MMPI-2 contains a list of 567 questions. People taking the test must answer these questions with true, false, or cannot say.The MMPI was originally developed to help clinical psychologists diagnose psychological disorders. To interpret the MMPI-2, psychologists divide the answers to questions into fourteen subscales. Ten of these subscales are clinical subscales, which give information about different aspects of the test taker’s personality. The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF) is a test that assesses sixteen basic dimensions of personality. It consists of a list of 187 questions.The NEO Personality Inventory measures the Big Five traits: extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism. Projective personality tests require subjects to respond to ambiguous stimuli, such as pictures and phrases, that can be interpreted in many different ways. Projective tests are based on the projective hypothesis, which is the idea that people interpret ambiguous stimuli in ways that reveal their concerns, needs, conflicts, desires, and feelings. Clinical psychologists and researchers often use two projective tests: the Rorschach test and the Thematic Apperception Test. The Rorschach test consists of a series of ten inkblots. Psychologists ask subjects to look at the inkblots and describe what they see, and the psychologists then use complex scoring systems to interpret the subjects’ responses. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) consists of a series of pictures containing a variety of characters and scenes. Psychologists ask subjects to make up stories about each picture and look for themes that run through the subjects’ responses.
It's funny that this topic came up. Last semester as I was finishing out the transfer process at my local community college, this topic was our core study. I don't recall if this is pertained to Myers Briggs or Carls Jung, but according to my studies, there are four types, and of course the hybrids (combining two or more) as well. There are the drivers, thinkers, feelers, and the theorists:
1. Drivers - Those are the initiators, the do-ers (the Donald Trump). They are relentless and courageous in their pursuits. They will not take no more an answer and has the stamina to overcome most challenges and adversaries they come to head with. The downside is that they are egotistical, pushy (bossy), and can be considered rude by other personality types.
2. Thinkers - Those are your analysts: the accountant, the lawyer, the judge, and what have you. These types like to take their time in evaluating all the pro's and con's, researching until nothing is able to be found anymore before coming up with a conclusion. They cannot be pushed into making hasty decisions, this is what also ticks them.
3. Feelers - Ah, the doctors, nurses, teachers, priests, etc... these are the compassionate bunch of the personality spectrum. They have a gift of relating to human emotions and live for helping others. The con's would be that sometimes their sensitivity tends to get in the way, to the point of blinding them from seeing the logical sides of the situation.
4. Theorists - The entrepreneurs, the inventors, the visionaries. They have an idea of what the world (their world) should be like and live for tomorrow to see the results. The down? Sometimes, they are too high up there in the clouds that it might take some persuasions for them to come down and see that reality can be quite as good as well.
The Hybrids are a mix of the bunch, if you see someone silently researching in the library for a long period of hour and then all of a sudden gets off in his car at 70 mph to get to somewhere only god knows, then you probably just met a driver/thinker... you get the point, right? Well, hope this answers your question.