Compare and contrast the French Revolution (1789) and the Russian Revolution (1917). How did leaders use nationalism and propaganda to gain support/meet their goals?  

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In both cases, the shift of the initial ideological basis for the revolutions from one of fairness to oppressed classes to authoritarian charismatic leadership was marked by use of propaganda to stir nationalistic sentiment. In Russia, the government sponsored social realism and other forms of revolutionary art, as well as rewriting history from a Marxist viewpoint, in order to evoke feelings of loyalty. They also tended to identify the decadent culture of the overthrown aristocrats with their habit of speaking French and living abroad. The French Revolution also deliberately used propaganda, in the form of broadsides and newspapers, to consolidate its power. The shift from an egalitarian society promised by the revolution, to a de facto tyranny was in part accomplished by diverting people's attention to an external enemy, using the necessity of fighting the foreign enemy as an excuse for...

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