Compare and contrast the environmental factors in Mesopotamia and Egypt with regards to how they affected the emergence of the world’s first civilizations.

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Both regions were dependent upon floods. Mesopotamia is located within the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Egypt is located on the Nile River; the Nile River delta has some of the best cropland in the world. Both places could go large amounts of grain and other crops. This led to population growth and commerce as both regions could trade farm products for other goods. Many of the early religious practices of both groups were tied to ensuring floods and good crop years.

Egypt, at the mouth of the Nile, had access to trade goods from various communities on the long river. Egypt also had some protection by being surrounded by deserts. While Egypt would be invaded by various groups, it was not invaded in the manner that Mesopotamia was, as this region had no natural boundaries from Eastern invaders. Egypt could store grain with its arid climate. This arid climate also allowed for the preservation of mummies. Mesopotamia was more humid which led to food...

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