Secession and Civil War Questions and Answers

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Compare and contrast the economic and military advantages of both the North and the South on the eve of the Civil War.

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In 1861, the northern states had a population of twenty-one million. The southern states had about nine million people, three and a half million of whom were slaves. Throughout the war, the South had to worry about a slave uprising, a fear that the North frequently promoted.

The North was also much more industrialized than the South. It produced over ninety percent of the country's textiles, metalworks, and nearly all the firearms. The North was also much more connected by train, having over twice the density of railways. This meant that the North had a larger pool to recruit soldiers and the ability to outfit them and move troops and supplies quickly and efficiently.

Despite the greater population in the North, the Confederacy was able to recruit an army of nearly equal size at the outset of the conflict. This was likely because the cause of the war was more personal to many Southerners and it was mostly fought on Southern soil. However, the North was able to replace casualties much...

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