- What factors caused the continuance and expansion of Roman imperialism? How did Roman expansion compare, and contrast, with that of the Assyrians, China’s Han Dynasty and New Kingdom Egypt? What evidence causes you to think as you do?
Rome expanded because they were well-organized. The government allowed for representation and taxation, so things got done. Infrastructure was built, and people were educated. Goods were shipped, and farms produced crops that were distributed. Of course, the central location helped!
The cause of the expansion of the Han Dynasty was (1) a strong central government, with benefits for citizens like schools, and (2) trade. Part of the trade revolved around Han Dynasty inventions like paper and porcelain.
Certainly let us not forget the role of Roman administration bureaucracy. The Roman system of administration and roads made holding together an ever-increasing series of lands achievable, and it also meant that troops could be mobilised quickly in order to counter threats and to invade new territories. So many of the original Roman roads are actually used as the basis for roads today in various parts of Europe.
One thing that caused Rome to expand continuously was political pressure. Rome had a strong army, one which played a major role in the politics of the empire. To keep the army happy, it was a good idea for Rome to fight wars that would bring riches to the leaders of the army. The wars would also satisfy those leaders' desire for glory. So, in a sense, the taking of empire led to the taking of more empire because the army that was needed to take the original empire wanted to keep taking more.