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Compare and contrast Bandura's Social Learning theory and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.

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In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, the motivation to engage in a certain behavior comes from the desire to satisfy the various needs based on the hierarchy. Normally, people are motivated to engage in behavior that fulfills the physiological needs at the bottom of the pyramid first, before progressing upwards. On the other hand, Bandura’s cognitive behavior theory asserts that motivation to imitate a model’s behavior is as a result of a mental evaluation of whether the consequences of that particular behavior are positive or negative.

One way in which the theories are similar is that Bandura’s notion of self-efficacy states that an individual has the capacity to regulate learning as well as learn independently. He believed this to be important as the goal of teaching is to eliminate the need for a teacher. The aspect of the theory is closely related to Maslow’s self-actualization stage in which an individual strives and achieves their full potential through personal endeavors.

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