Both regimes were totalitarian. This means that the state controlled all aspects of life. The Nazi state in Germany and the Communist state in the Soviet Union told their citizens what to do, where to live, where to work, and even how to think. There was no civil society to speak of. The Nazis were particularly ruthless and effective at getting rid of any group or organization that could vaguely have constituted an independent source of power, whether they were labor unions, social clubs, or youth organizations.
At the apex of the Nazi Party and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union stood the unchallenged leadership of one man—Adolf Hitler and Josef Stalin, respectively. Both dictators insisted on the absolute loyalty and submission of their subordinates. However, there were slight differences in their respective methods of leadership. In Nazi Germany, if you stayed loyal to the Fuhrer, then the likelihood was that you were safe.
In the Soviet Union, on the other hand, Stalin...
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