Both Australia and New Zealand were British colonies. However in the case of Australia, the colonies were established as convict settlements.New Zealand had Polynesian settlers before the Europeans came. In Australia the people were European, mostly poor Irish Catholics who didn't like the high class British. The New Zealand Europeans were loyal to Britian because they were English and Scottish.
In Australia, the earliest settlers were members of penial colonies. In New Zealand,some of the earliest European settlers were missionaries. They wanted to convert the indigineous people, called Māori. They were humanitarian; so they created a treaty, theTreaty of Waitangi where the British crown held sovereignty but allowed the Māori to own their own land and let them enjoy rights as if they were British citizens.
King, Michael (2003). The Penguin History of New Zealand. New Zealand: Penguin Books ISBN 9780143018674.
There are similarities and differences between Australia and New Zealand. One similarity is that both countries were colonies of Great Britain at one time. Both countries are island nations in the South Pacific. There is also a free movement of people between the two countries. There are many Australians that live in New Zealand and vice versa. The two countries share an interest in many of the same sports including cricket, rugby, and soccer. Both countries share common foods, such as lamb and potatoes. Popular culture is also similar. For example, some Australian radio shows were popular in New Zealand.
There are differences between these two countries. Australia was created as a place for convicts to live. The earliest settlers in New Zealand were the Maori who came from eastern Polynesia. New Zealand receives more rainfall than Australia, which makes farming easier to do. Australia has a larger population than New Zealand. Australia tends to do better economically than New Zealand. Australia’s GDP is higher than New Zealand’s GDP. Both countries have had Chinese people migrate there. In Australia, the Chinese have been more likely to give up their ethnic identity than in New Zealand.
Both countries have similarities and differences even though the British ruled both of them at the same time, and these countries are not that far from each other.