Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution, especially in regard to specific powers granted by each for the national government.

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The Articles of Confederation, unlike the Constitution, did not include three separate branches of government with checks and balances. There was only Congress, which could elect a "president," but the office had no independent power.

There was also no consideration given to the population of the states. Each state got...

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The Articles of Confederation, unlike the Constitution, did not include three separate branches of government with checks and balances. There was only Congress, which could elect a "president," but the office had no independent power.

There was also no consideration given to the population of the states. Each state got one vote in Congress for their several representatives. Congress was not elected by the people, but by the state legislatures.

Only Congress could declare war for the nation, but it needed a vote of nine states. Otherwise, Congress had the power to name ambassadors and negotiate foreign treaties, but treaties also required nine states' assent.

The Articles of Confederation gave the national government no taxing power, although it could request support from the states, proportional to their population.

The Articles of Confederation did not include a national court system or a Supreme Court. Your answer might explore how this would have affected the federal government in trying to enforce a treaty or support request on an unwilling state.

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The Articles of Confederation was a weak central government that gave most of the powers of government to the states.  Its framers were so concerned with their rights being taken away that there was no single executive, rather an executive committee.  The main powers lacked by the nation were the powers to tax or enforce laws.  The result was a financially and politically unstable nation. 

The Constitution was born out of the necessity for the national government to have more power.  The national government has the power to tax and enforce laws under the Constitution.  The framers of the Constitution set up a system of checks and balances and separation of powers to ensure that the individual liberties of its citizens were secured while giving the government the powers necessary to maintain itself.

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