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Both Theodore Roosevelt, a Republican, and Woodrow Wilson, a Democrat, are usually categorized as "Progressive" presidents. Both pursued agendas that allowed for increased government activity in business, especially in the realm of antitrust actions. Both sought to expand the powers of the state in enacting economic reform, regulating work conditions, intervening in labor disputes and even establishing product safety. Both pursued an activist foreign policy, intervening militarily in Latin America in support of American business and strategic interests. One major difference between the two was an ironic one. Of course, it was Wilson who, despite his reluctance (a sentiment castigated by Roosevelt,) that presided over American involvement in the First World War. Roosevelt, while bellicose, was perhaps best known for the peace settlement he mediated between Japan and Russia, an effort that earned him the Nobel Prize.
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