Compare Apollo and Daphne and Apollo and his lyre.

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thetall | (Level 3) Educator

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In both myths about Apollo and Daphne and Apollo and his lyre, Apollo deals with gods taking the form of a child. In Apollo and Daphne, the god deals with Eros (Cupid), a god depicted as a blindfolded child. The god makes Apollo fall in love with Daphne but makes Daphne lose her sense of desire. Apollo pursues Daphne to her death, trying unsuccessfully to show his love for her as a punishment from Eros. In Apollo and his Lyre, the god deals with Hermes who was still a baby at the time. Hermes managed to steal 50 heads of Apollo’s cattle.

In both stories there is a clear depiction of the gods’ cunning nature. In Apollo and Daphne, Daphne’s father changes her daughter into the laurel tree in keeping his promise to maintain his daughter’s virginity. In Apollo and his Lyre, Hermes tricks Battus, the old shepherd who saw him steal Apollo’s cattle. He at first bribes Battus in exchange for silence, he then changes his appearance and goes back to test Battus’s loyalty. However, Battus fails the test after he was made a better offer by Hermes, who at that time had changed his appearance to look like Admetus

The two mythical stories are different because while one ends in happiness and friendship the other ends tragically. The story of Apollo and Daphne ends tragically after Daphne is changed into a laurel tree by her father in keeping his promise to maintain her virginity. On the other hand in Apollo and the Lyre, Apollo and Hermes become close friends and in the process they exchange items that are both of sentimental value to both of them to confirm their bond.

The two myths are different because in one, Apollo loses something dear while in another he gains a special item. In Apollo and Daphne, the god loses the opportunity to share his love with Daphne after she is turned into a tree. In Apollo and his Lyre, the god receives the instrument (Lyre) he desires from Hermes.

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