The New England Colonies Questions and Answers

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Compare and contrast the English colonies in the Chesapeake and in New England. In what ways were they different, and in what ways were they alike?

The Chesapeake and New England colonies were alike in that they both had some degree of democracy, had established churches, and faced high mortality rates at first. They were different in that they were established for different reasons and centered around different industries.

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Both the Chesapeake and New England colonies faced extreme mortality in their early days of settlement. The settlers of Jamestown faced malaria and yellow fever as they settled too closely to brackish water. The settlers of Jamestown also did not know how to farm, and many of them starved to death. In New England many died due to exposure to the elements and a lack of food since the Pilgrims arrived in late fall. Both the Chesapeake and New England colonies would fight wars with Native American groups as the settlements grew and started to encroach on Native American land.

The Chesapeake was settled largely as an economic venture. The original goal was to find gold and a waterway to China. After these did not materialize, the settlers eventually turned to cash crops such as tobacco and cotton. Due to the scarcity of labor needed to run plantations, the settlers turned to indentured servants, poor English people looking to work off their passage to the New World. The indentured servants...

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