Compare and contrast the classical and human relations theories of management.

The classical and human relations theories of management are both approaches to increasing productivity in the workplace, but their methods are in contrast. The classical theory of management is an authoritative method with a top-down management style, while the human relations theory focuses on improved communication and worker's needs. 

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Classical management theory and human relations theories contrast greatly. It can be said that classical theories were the earliest ones developed, while much of the human relations theories developed later as a reaction to them.

Classical theories align with McGregor's Theory X and also in some ways with Taylorism. They feature strict division of labor into different categories, including levels of management. Planning and communication are done in a "top down" fashion, meaning that information flows from top management downward. Many human relations theories, in contrast, allow for communication to come from the "front line" of workers up through the chain of management. The difference here is that, in classical management theory, workers are not considered to be very reliable. It is based on a theory of humanity that believe people are largely unmotivated and need things to be simple with much supervision. They also involve a great deal of specialization of labor, meaning that people...

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Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on March 25, 2020