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Both Surrealism and Expressionism were international movements in the arts that extended over several different genres, including visual arts, dance, theatre, poetry, and music. Of the two, Expressionism was the earlier movement, starting in the 1890s. The Expressionists were concerned not with faithful representation of external reality but in making manifest through artistic media internal states, often expressing things that were forbidden (especially sexuality and alienation) in middle class society. Surrealism developed in many ways from Expressionism but was concerned more explicitly with the unconscious and its inherent irrationality. Both movements continued the tendency of the decadents and other fin de siecle movements to delight in shocking the bourgeoisie.
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