Compare & contrast the colonial policies of the British & French.  

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This answer will focus on the British and French colonies in North America. The Caribbean sugar colonies of the two nations were quite similar in demographics and other features. The biggest difference between the North American colonies is that the British colonies featured much higher population densities than the French....

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This answer will focus on the British and French colonies in North America. The Caribbean sugar colonies of the two nations were quite similar in demographics and other features. The biggest difference between the North American colonies is that the British colonies featured much higher population densities than the French. Aside from the St. Lawrence River Valley and a few towns in the Mississippi Delta, the French colonial possessions were largely a far-flung network of trading posts and forts from north of the Great Lakes to modern-day Missouri. French people did not migrate to the colonies in anywhere near the same numbers as the English did. English colonies, on the other hand, tended to be strung along the Atlantic seaboard, and almost every colony had at least one port city of considerable size. The English colonies were largely populated by small farmers and, in the South, enslaved people and indentured servants. As a result, the English colonies needed more land to continue to expand. This led to another difference between the French and British colonies, namely relations with Native peoples. The French tended to be friendlier to Native peoples (though not out of kindness, and there were plenty of examples of French violence and duplicity in dealing with Indians.) They tended to be less insistent that Native peoples adopt European values, even when urging them to convert to Christianity. To cite one example, French traders in the Ohio Valley consistently adhered to the Native custom of gift-giving as a condition for diplomatic relations. After the French and Indian War, when the British took over the region, they refused to follow these customs, and the result was unrest in the region culminating with Pontiac's Rebellion in 1763. 

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