Compare and contrast between the two kinds of marriage in "Pride and Prejudice"

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pmiranda2857 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Members of the social class of the Bennet sisters, and particularly in Jane Austen's time, women married for financial security, to have a home of their own, to secure their future beyond their father's home. In the case of the Bennet sisters, they will have no home once their father dies, they have no brothers, so the home will pass to the next male heir in the family, Mr. Collins.  That is why Lizzie's rejection of Mr. Collins is so profound, she will not sacrifice herself to protect the family home.

The two types of marriage that are depicted in Pride and Prejudice are marriages made for long-term security, and marraiges made for love.   An example of a marriage of security is that of Charlotte Lucas and Mr. Collins.  A marriage made between a woman with no prospects who accepts a proposal because she needs financial security and a home of her own. 

Charlotte does not marry Mr. Collins because she loves him, it appears to be just the opposite, she does not love him, but she does respect him.

Both the Bennet sisters want to marry for love, and they both do in the end.  However, they are also given the added bonus of becoming financially wealthy as well.

Jane Bennet, at first, appears to be making a good match with Mr. Bingley for both love and financial security.  This works out in the end, but for a time it appears that Jane will not be so lucky as to be able to marry for love, with the bonus factor being that she will also be very rich.

Lizzie Bennet does not want to marry for security, she wants to marry for love.  Both Lizzie and Jane are lucky in Pride and Prejudice to be able to marry for both love and money. Jane Austen was in love with a young man and ultimately had to give him up because he was not permitted to marry her because of her social class.  The young man ended up marrying a girl who was wealthy and Jane Austen remained unmarried.  But she had brothers who protected her and her sister while they lived in the family home looking after their mother.

Lydia's marriage falls into another category.  She is a silly girl who makes spontaneous decisions without thinking.  She ends up married to Wickham because of Darcy, it is a necessity that they be married in order to save the Bennet family reputation.    

mrs-campbell eNotes educator| Certified Educator

It might help if you would clarify what those two types of marriage are.  I will try to guess, even though I think there are probably more than just two types of marriage.   But in general, let's say that there are marriages of convenience or practicality, and then marriages of love.  We can group Charlotte and Lydia's marriages under the first group-marriages made out of the need to be practical, and Lizzy and Jane's marriages under the category of love.  To compare the two types of marriages, we can state that first of all, they are marriages after all.  And, they both have elements of convenience; the marriages will take the daughters out of the Bennet and Lucas household so that their parents don't have to support them anymore.  Both types of marriages put the women in charge of their own homes, and will hopefully give them satisfaction on some level; Liddy will be pleased with the travel and socializing afforded an officer's wife, and Charlotte is pleased with running her own household and being in charge of things.  So, those aspects of marriage will be given to both groups.

The two types of marriage are totally different in their motivations.  Lizzy and Jane married for love, the other two because it was convenient, or a way out of a more difficult situation.  Jane and Lizzy will probably, as a result, have much more happiness.  The men they married also conveniently had a lot of money and wealth in the world; nice how that worked out, no?  There could be quite a bit of thought given to that one and what Austen could be saying about wealth and happiness in this novel.

I hope that those thoughts help a bit; it's an interesting question!  Good luck!

mersad | Student

In my book, these two selection means Pride and Prejudice can effect on human being. At now I want to juxtapose these words. Due to me if every person was snobbish or snooty or pride, he or she might prejudice. Because they say we are hyper than the others. Let’s face it, It's not correct because all of us are the same and have the same identical.Exict in the same world and even we utter with one language. As a result we should break this precinct betwixt people in this world. Somehow pride is necessary for humans because we have it. Someone have a lot and someone have alittle.but I 'don’t agree with prejudice. Because we are human and we should support each other for making a new world I hope.E.g we have lot of black person whom they can conquer the apex of triumph.     

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Pride and Prejudice

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