Compare the aims of "How the Poor Die" by George Orwell to "In the Children's Hopsital" by Lord Alfred Tennyson.
The overriding aim of Lord Alfred Tennyson's "In the Children's Hospital" is to show that despite everything, it is not true that "the good Lord Jesus / has had his day." Tennyson wraps this message in one of the most tragic environments of society in his day. This choice presents a clear contrast between three points of view, those being (1) the nurse's compassionate and believing view, (2) the rough-handed surgeon's cynical and disparaging view, and (3) Emmie's and Annie's shared view of faith and innocent belief.
The overriding aim in Orwell's "How the Poor Die" is to expose the narrator's musings about death due to natural disease and illness among the poor, who are shown to be treated like so much of a lump of dough as the doctor mindlessly manipulates the dying poor man's body. A corollary to this aim is that in thus treating the dead and dying poor so badly, others are also afflicted with greater suffering as neglect and callousness determine others' exposure to the death of the neglected poor. A natural tertiary point (third point) is a comparison between Hôpital X, in a foreign country, and hospitals in England, where, as the narrator says, such things would never be allowed to happen in the then present day.