Compare the lives of slaves in the Chesapeake to the lives of slaves in South Carolina.

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Slavery in many southern colonies changed drastically with the invention of the cotton gin in 1794. Previously, cotton had to be cleaned by hand, a long and labor-intensive process. The cotton gin simplified and accelerated this process, leading to a boom in cotton production: textile mills that were powering the Industrial Revolution gained an insatiable appetite for cotton and the southern colonies planted huge amounts to provide it. This, in turn, required huge amounts of slaves to work cotton plantations—work that was difficult and strenuous. Cotton can be cleaned by a gin, but it must be harvested by hand, a process that requires pulling out thousands upon thousands of small tufts and avoiding the dried bristles that can cut up your hands.

However, cotton is a relatively delicate crop and doesn't fair well in temperate regions such as the Chesapeake. In this area, the dominant cash crop is tobacco. While nobody would choose to be a slave working in tobacco fields, this plant is...

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