Committees serve two broad purposes: individual and institutional. Define these purposes, and give an example of a situation that illustrates each purpose.

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The legislative branch of the federal government was established pursuant to article 1 of the Constitution of the United States, that body divided into two parts, a House of Representatives and a Senate. Each of these two chambers or houses is governed by its own established set of rules. Each chamber is also subdivided into committees of jurisdiction, which are, in turn, divided into subcommittees. The reason for the committee structure is because, just as the authors of the Constitution created a republican form of democracy because a pure democracy, with each citizen voting on each resolution or bill, would be too unwieldy and impractical, so would be the situation in the House and the Senate. There are 435 members of the House of Representatives, and having all of them intricately involved in every issue that passes through Congress would prove inefficient. Indeed, merely observing all 435 rotate through the House chamber when legislation passes out of committee and is being...

(The entire section contains 636 words.)

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