Comment on themes in Coleridge's "Youth and Age."

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Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Themes of Romanticism can be found in Coleridge's poem.  The emphasis on the natural world is a critical element in the poem and something found in many of the poem's lines.  The opening lines in the poem are akin to an invocation of the natural world:  "Verse, a breeze 'mid blossoms straying,/ Where Hope clung feeding, like a bee."  "Friendship is a sheltering tree" or "Love is flower- like" and "tears take sunshine from thine eyes" are all examples of the presence of nature in the poem.  Romantic thinkers like Coleridge emphasized a strong link between consciousness and the experience of the natural world and Coleridge underscores this connection in the poem.

Additionally, I think that the Romantic theme of subjective emotions being used to construct reality is present in the poem.  Romantics believed that the subjective emotional experience was the only acceptable frame of reference to understand reality.  They wanted to inject emotions and feelings into as many domains as possible.  The subjective experience on what it means to be young is a part of Coleridge's poem.  He wishes to explore the joy in being young and revel in it from an emotional point of view.  The hopeful view of youth and the reveling of it from a subjective frame of reference are elements that capture the theme of personal experience that is so much a part of the poem and Romanticism, as a movement.

edcon eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Coleridge's speaker laments the losses that come with age as the poem begins:

"Verse, a breeze mid blossoms straying, 
Where Hope clung feeding, like a bee— 
Both were mine!"
to establish that when he was younger, poetry and hope were in his realm of being. 
 
In the second stanza, the speaker characterizes his youthful physical state as strong and effortless. He was impervious to the elements as "Nought cared this body for wind or weather/When Youth and I lived in't together." The speaker is unwilling to accept the loss of his youth when he cries "It cannot be that Thou art gone!"
 
As the poem continues, the speaker decides that he will deny the truth of his aging. He recognizes that his hair is gray and that he is smaller and more bent, but he avers that life actually takes place in the mind. He resolves to think of himself as young, concluding that without this hope, the rest of his life becomes a cheerless wait for death.
 
Themes within this interpretation of the poem include the power of purpose and hope in our lives to keep us going, and that though our physical bodies will eventually fail, our youthful outlook can be retained in spirit.