Vikram Seth's poem, "The Frog and the Nightingale" is about the rivalry between two animals. The nightingale's beautiful voice enchants the other animals, and the frog becomes jealous. He tricks the nightingale into abusing her song so that he will again be the sole performer in the bog.
The poem's subject is enhanced by the musical elements, including meter and rhyme scheme. Each line, while not perfectly iambic, does include four stressed syllables, so the rhythm of the poem is a musical "da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM, da-DUM." The lines are rhymed in couplets, meaning lines one and two rhyme, lines three and four rhyme, and so on. In addition, Seth repeats certain rhymes, such as "frog" and "bog," which helps to unite this long poem.
Finally, Seth uses onomatopoeia to create a song for the frog. Many times in the poem, the frog sings, "Koo-oh-ah! ko-ash! ko-ash!" While these words have no real meaning, when read out loud, they recreate the sound of a frog's joyous croak.