Explain the title Top Girls.
On a literal level, the title "Top Girls" reflects the name of the employment agency where Marlene works. However, on a deeper level, "Top Girls" reflect upon Top Women in history: Pope Joan, who disguised herself as a man and has been said to have been Pope from 854-856; Isabella Bird, explorer; Dull Gret, Harrower of Hell; Lady Nijo, Japanese mistress to an emperor, later a Buddhist nun; and Patient Griselda, adapted from the wife in The Clerk's Tale from Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. So there you have it, whether fictional or not,all top women, women who did not lead ordinary lives. These historical women are juxtaposed to the modern day women in this play.