Who Was Involved In The Cold War

The Cold War: why did it happen, who was involved, and what was the outcome?

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The Cold War took up most of the second half of the twentieth century, from World War II to the fall of the Berlin Wall. It was an ideologic battle, fought mostly without actual weapons. That's why it was known as a cold war, as opposed to a hot war....

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The Cold War took up most of the second half of the twentieth century, from World War II to the fall of the Berlin Wall. It was an ideologic battle, fought mostly without actual weapons. That's why it was known as a cold war, as opposed to a hot war. Each side developed weapons and made threats, but there was not usually actual fighting.
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This is simply a struggle between empires, the only two empires still remaining after World War II.  It just so happened that these two empires had completely different and competing systems of government and economy.  One sought world domination, while the other sought to contain it.

The outcome was that one of those countries, the Soviet Union, went broke and the empire collapsed, leading to a revolution there and throughout Eastern Europe.  While not exactly a US "victory", it did end without Soviet domination, so a victory of sorts.

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The ending of World War II and the defeat of the Axis powers created an uneasy presence of two superpower nations.  The Soviet Union was one them.  Armed with its strength of Communism and the power of the state as superseding all else, it was poised against America, a democratic nation that professed the value of free market and individual rights.  Both nations had only allied with one another to defeat the common threat of Hitler.  Once this had been done, the reality was that there was a great deal of mistrust between both nations and this unease lay at the root of the Cold War.  Both of them sought to explore the world as a battle between "Western Democracy" as opposed to Soviet control and influence.  Communism vs. Democracy became the subtext of the Cold War and while there was not a shot fired between both nations, wherever the battle was present, Cold War undertones were present.

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The Cold War began after World War II. It was between the United States and the Soviet Union. It was called the Cold War because both nations were afraid to fight one another directly, so they they did it indirectly. They used words as weapons by denouncing the other and trying to make the other seem foolish.

The United States and the Soviet Union were the only two superpowers after the second World War. They both had nuclear weapon capabilities and this made everyone very fearful.

Historians disagree as to when the Cold War ended. Some will say that it ended during the 60's and 70's when the US and Soviet Union had better relations. Others will say it ended when the Berlin Wall was torn down (1989) and others say it ended when the Soviet Union collapsed (1991).

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The Cold War happened from about 1945 to about 1990.  It was not really a war.  It was a competition between the United States and the Soviet Union to see who would dominate the world.  They each thought that their system of government and economics was best and should dominate the world.

The result of the Cold War was that the Soviet Union fell apart in the early 1990s.   People usually say it was because their system could not keep people happy because it did not give them rights or material wealth.

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