Cold war pilitics in Ian Fleming's From Russia Wth Love?
I do not disagree with the first answer, but I think there is other stuff that is more specific to From Russia With Love rather than more general to the Bond series, as the first answer is.
First, in the book, you have examples of how the superpowers used other countries to fight their battles for them and how they fought these battles at the personal level in other countries. So much of the action of the book takes place in Turkey. Bond uses Gypsies to help him and he and Darko Kerim go after a Bulgarian agent and kill him in revenge for an attack on the Gypsies.
Second, the book shows Cold War attitudes towards the USSR. We have the hideous Rosa Klebb forcing the beautiful Tatiana into trapping Bond. And we have a cold, machine-like kiler in Red Grant. Both of these suggest that the communists insinuate themselves into people's lives, using them and forcing them to do bad things. They try to make people into machines, like Grant, or blackmail them, as is doen with Tatiana.
Cold War ideologies dominate Fleming's work. In this setting, the Russians are depicted as possessing this elaborate international apparatus that has limitless extension. At the same time, it is only the Western democracies that can stand up to this. One would think that America would be able to do so, but only the sharpness and insight of the British, in particular 007, can do this. The Americans are at the Russians' mercy without the help of British Secret Service operatives. The manner in which Fleming employs Cold War politics highlights the deviousness of the Russians, the overall ineffectiveness of the Americans, and the intricate effectiveness of the British.