I have a project given by my school and i find it a little difficult to do. So i could use your help.
Topic : Cold War.
Causes for the rise of cold war.
Phases of the War
Effect of the War
End of the Cold War.
And lastly the role Gorbachev played in ending the cold war.
I really think one of the biggest causes and escalations of the Cold War was the Korean War. It caused Americans to believe that all Communism was being organized out of Moscow and while the war didn't end in defeat it wasn't a triumph like WWII. The entry of the Chinese along with Soviet support caused Americans to feel much less secure which resulted in the massive build up of military to help with national security.
Gorbachev also came under great pressure from the effective US President Ronald Reagan who strove to end Communism. As a matter of fact, it was Reagan who succeeded in having the Berlin Wall dismantled. The Soviet Union was in great debt with from supplying its nuclear arsenal and Communism was certainly a failure in East Germany as this part of the country was impoverished in comparison to the free West Germany.
Gorbachev's role in ending the Cold War was that he introduced reforms of the Soviet system. He did not want to end communism, he just wanted to reform it. But the people were so sick of the communist system that they took the opportunity to actually overthrow it and move to a different form of goverment.
After World War II, the United States and Russia had competing ideologies, democracy (with a capitalistic economic system) and communism. These two countries found themselves at relatively equal military strength in Europe. They didn't want to fight each other directly (too costly and dangerous), so they faced off in other countries (Vietnam, Cuba, etc.). At that same time, they were developing their military capability (this was especially noteworthy with regard to nuclear weapons) and alliances (NATO, Warsaw Pact).