It is clear that both the inner ear (the vestibular system) and the eyes are responsible for the body balancing. If the vestibular system is in disorder, how it can be set right?

Expert Answers
garthman99 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The vestibular system is made up of three semi-circular canals in the inner ear. It is responsible for maintaining balance.

Examples of vestibular system dysfunction include vertigo, dizziness and tinnitus. There is also Meniere’s disease.

Gentamicin has an 80% efficacy rate in treating vertigo. Other treatments for vestibular dysfunction are a reduced sodium diet and using medication that ultimately reduce inner ear pressure such as Lasix diuretics. Another drug called betahistine HCl is used to suppress Meniere's disease. If oral administration of gentamicin is not efficacious then it can be administered in an intratympanic form. The danger with this is that it may destroy vestibular tissue. Administration of intratympanic steroids pose less risk and may be equally as effective.

There are medications that can be taken during an attack of vertigo such as anxiolytics like diazepam, lorazepam and promethazine.

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