The "New South" was similar to the Old South in that racial discrimination was still prevalent and that the leaders of society in the New South were those who had been leaders in the Old South. They referred to themselves as "redeemers," although their political opponents called them " Bourbons," referring to Napoleon's comment about the Bourbon dynasty which he said had neither learned nor forgotten anything from the French Revolution. The implication was that the redeemers had learned nor forgotten anything from the war.
Among the economic changes in the New South was the demise of "king cotton," and the birth of the textile industry which soon predominated. Tobacco soon became a major industrial crop and sharecropping replaced slavery as the primary source of labor.
Although slavery ended, white southerners did all they could to keep Blacks as near slavery as possible. Constrained restrictions were placed on voting, and "black codes" denied Blacks access to facilities used by Whites. Although this would appear to be a blatant violation of the Fourteenth Amendment, the Supreme Court, in 1896, upheld it, thus espousing the doctrine of "separate but equal" which defined the New South for the next seventy five years.