Citizens who object to unattractive government projects being located in their area are engaging in
A. due process
B. the NIMBY phenomenon
C. amicus curiae
D. stare decisis
E. common-law cases
The answer to this question is clearly Option B. None of the other options are even remotely close to being correct.
Due process is what government has to give a person before taking their life, liberty, or property. It means that they have to be given a trial before this can happen. This has nothing to do with what the question is talking about.
Amicus curiae briefs are briefs submitted to a court to try to influence its ruling on a case. Stare decisis is the doctrine that precedent should generally be honored in court cases. Courts should stick with precedent. Finally, common-law cases are cases that are decided on the basis of the common law, which is law that has been built up by court rulings over the years. None of these have anything to do with this question.
NIMBYism is a term based on the acronym NIMBY, which means “not in my backyard.” People who engage in this do not want ugly government projects near them even though those projects might be important for the community as a whole. Therefore, B is the only possible answer.