Cite some figurative language from Fahrenheit 451 and what it means in the text.

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There are many examples of figurative language in Fahrenheit 451 that are evocative of events contemporary to the novel's publication in 1953, historical events, mythology, and other works of literature. Some examples are more explicit than others. The most obvious example is the burning of books. Burning books to prevent people from experiencing confusing, subversive, or sad thoughts has many unfortunate precedents within human history. Within Ray Bradbury's own lifetime, the Nazis in Germany and the Communists in the Soviet Union and China burned or otherwise destroyed books because of their content or the author's beliefs, ethnicity, or religion. In late antiquity, religious zealots burned the Library of Alexandria, the greatest repository of ancient knowledge. This event coincides with the onset of the so-called "Dark Ages."

The novel makes frequent reference to the "mechanical hound," a robot "dog" that can detect the scent of books or track the scent of fugitives and then pursue and tranquilize them. The use of the word hound is deliberate, as unlike the word dog, it evokes persecution. Hellhounds are supernatural creatures associated with death, while bloodhounds have been used to pursue escaped criminals and, prior to the Civil War, fugitive slaves in the American South.

Bradbury refers to the complex and engrossing entertainment centers in homes within the novel as "parlor walls" and "parlor wall families." Using the word walls to describe screens that absorb their viewers' attention allows for a clever play on words—people are literally staring at the wall instead of interacting or learning. Using families to describe entertainment devices relays how callous people have become in that they care more about entertainment than relationships. This is brought home when Montag's wife, Mildred, is more upset over losing her screens than she is over the end of her marriage.

The use of the word "fireman" to describe men whose occupation is to burn possessions and books rather than put out fires is a reflection of the deterioration of the idea of truth in Bradbury's dystopian society. Words have come to lose their meaning. We see the widespread use of this technique in a much more draconian society in the novel 1984, where the annihilation of truth is built into the mantras of society: War is Peace, Freedom is Slavery, Ignorance is Strength.

Finally, we have reference to the phoenix, a mythological creature, in the novel's closing pages. While the phoenix is a bird with a variety of supernatural powers, it is most well-known for bursting into flames at the end of its life and then being reborn from the ashes. Ray Bradbury's society in Fahrenheit 451 has committed intellectual suicide by banning books and devoting itself to indulgence and sensation rather than knowledge. A literal fiery end to the society comes soon after in the form of nuclear war. The survivors, Montag among them, are devoted to restoring books and knowledge to their rightful place, which would represent a rebirth from ashes.

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On the first page of Fahrenheit 451, the fireman's hose is called a "python." The reader knows it is not literally "a snake," but the use of the word python connotes the idea that the fire-spitting hose is alive and since serpents are often linked to evil symbolism (the serpent in the Garden of Eden being the most prolific evil serpent symbol in Western Christianity), that symbol might also be inferred. 

There are quite a few similes in this book. On my page 9, Montag imagines Clarisse's face "like the dial of a small clock," which tells you the time in the dark and also foretells the change to come with tomorrow's sunrise. For Montag, his interactions with Clarisse were an awakening. 

On the first page of Part III, "Burning Bright," Beatty (who, like Faber, does have a relatively considerable knowledge of literature) tells Montag, "Old Montag wanted to fly near the sun and now that he's burnt his wings, he wonders why" (100). Beatty is speaking figuratively. He is referring to the mythical Icarus who was warned not to fly too close to the sun. Icarus is curious and does just that. His wings melt and he crashes into the sea. Themes of this myth include ambition, curiosity, desire for knowledge, and questioning authority. It is often cited as a cautionary tale, but it is also cited as a form of rebellion. Beatty knows this literary reference and uses it as a cautionary tale. However, Montag (flew too close to the sun = read books and questioned society) rebelled because he wanted to be an active, free thinker. 

This last example is a use of figurative language which includes a literary reference (to the myth) and this is also a metaphor or an allegory

There is also quite a bit of zoomorphism (speaking of things in animalistic terms). At one point, Faber tells Montag he talks about the meaning of things; not just things. Speaking of the hose, the helmets (beetles), and most importantly the books as if they were alive connotes the idea that these are not just things: they also have life or meaning. When Beatty orders Montag to burn his own house (also in Part III), the narration is "The books leapt and danced like roasted birds, their wings ablaze with red and yellow feathers" (103). 

This is one of the main themes of the book. When meaning is enriched (figurative language is one of the ways this is done), life is enriched. To someone like Clarisse (and Montag, after his "awakening"), a bird is not just a bird; it symbolizes flight, song, freedom, etc. For Montag, books become "alive with meaning" and later he and the book people he meets become books: a strong connection between books/meaning and life. The characters who do not think this way are more robotic. They fear literature and figurative language because it complicates their simplistic, thoughtless life. 


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What are some examples of figurative language from the third part of the book Fahrenheit 451?

Ray Bradbury uses lots of figurative language in Fahrenheit 451! Some examples include similes, metaphors, idioms, and personification.

A simile is a comparison using the words "like" or "as":

Their covers were torn off and spilled out like swan feathers.

This simile helps us visualize the destruction of the books.

The books leapt and danced like roasted birds, their wings ablaze with red and yellow feathers.

Again, we are able to imagine the fire set to the books because of the comparison Bradbury uses. This quote also features personification, as the books are not actually dancing, but by giving them a human motion, we can imagine what the movement looked like in the fire.

Personification is also used in the following quote:

The night looking at him. The forest, seeing him.

A metaphor also makes a comparison, but "like" and "as" are not used:

Montag stood with the flame thrower in his limp hands, great islands of perspiration drenching his armpits, his face smeared with soot.

Bradbury compares Montag's sweat to islands to emphasize how hot it is.

The last rolling thunder of the avalanche stoned down about his ears.

This metaphor evokes our senses to help us imagine how loud it is.

An idiom is a common phrase or expression. For example, "I've hit the bullseye" is an expression Bradbury uses in the text. We are familiar with this phrase, and know what it means colloquially.

Scientists give us gobbledegook about friction and molecules.

This is another example. We know "gobbledegook" means unintelligible jargon.

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What are some examples of figurative language from the third part of the book Fahrenheit 451?

1) METAPHOR: "Lights flicked on and house doors opened all down the street, to watch the carnival set which torches wuld be juggled and fire eaten." (Although the author does not use the words like or as he is comparing the scene at Montag's house to a carnival.)

2) ALLUSION: "Old Montag wanted to fly near the sun and now that he's burnt his damn wings, he wonders why." (Beatty is referring to the Greek myth of Daedalus and Icarus, in which a man and his son manage to fly by attaching wings to their shoulders; see link below.) 

3) SIMILE: "He felt his head turn like a stone carving to dark place next door" (A comparison is made, using the word like).

4) ANAPHORA: "She saw everything.  She didn't do anything to anyone.  She just let them alone." (The word she is repeated at the beginning of each sentence.)

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What forms of figurative language are found in Fahrenheit 451? Give examples and explain please.

There are lots of forms of figurative language in Fahrenheit 451. Here are some examples.

Bradbury uses a metaphor to describe Montag's fire hose. He compares it to a "great python," for example, which not only gives the reader an idea of its size and shape but also of its power.

There is an example of personification when Montag comes home to find that Mildred has taken an overdose. In this line, Bradbury says that the "sky" above the house "screamed." This figure of speech reinforces Montag's sense of anguish as he realizes what Mildred has done.

There is an example of alliteration in the advertisement which Montag hears while he is in the underground train:

Denham's Dandy Dental Detergent, Denham's Dentifrice Dentifrice Dentifrice, one two, one two three.

By repeating the D sound, Bradbury creates a sense of rhythm in the text while also emphasizing the love of mindless entertainment in this society. Looking deeper, then, Montag's efforts to get this song out of his head are symbolic of his wider struggles to overcome censorship.

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What forms of figurative language are found in Fahrenheit 451? Give examples and explain please.

Fahrenheit 451 features several types of figurative language. One type is personification, in which an inanimate object is likened to a living thing. For example, in the first chapter, the hose spraying fire is compared to a snake: "this great python spitting its venomous kerosene upon the world" (page 1 in the Del Rey edition, 1991). Later in the same paragraph, the sparks the fire creates are compared to "a swarm of fireflies" (page 1)--another example of personification.

There are also several examples of similes and metaphors. For example, Clarisse's face is "bright as snow in the moonlight" (page 7). A comparison using like or as is a simile. An example of a metaphor is the following description of Clarisse's face: "her face...was fragile milk crystal" (page 7). A metaphor is a comparison that does not use like or as. These types of figurative language make Bradbury's writing vivid and effective. 

The entire book hinges on a metaphor, as the society's destruction of books is a symbol for their destruction of learning and history. In other words, the burning of books represents something larger and broader. 

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I need examples of symbolism in Fahrenheit 451.

There are a number of symbols in Bradbury's classic book. The title of the second portion of the book is "The Sieve and the Sand." Montag remembers trying to fill a sieve with sand. That's an impossible task: there are always holes in the sieve, and the sand will always pass through, like the memories of the books they read (and try to memorize).

The phoenix was a figure from mythology. In the myths, the phoenix never died, but instead, went into flames and was reborn all young and healthy again. Late in the book, the phoenix is used as a symbol of mankind, with war the fire that will force its rebirth.

And the firemen use the salamander consciously, as a symbol of their activity. Salamanders were also mythological. They were at ease with fire, and at home in it. They were even nourished by it, as the firemen claim to be.

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