Through specific examples of public and private police cooperation, why have these entities chosen to integrate rather than maintain longstanding turf?
The merging of cooperative elements between police and communities represents the need to assume a proactive stance in protecting one's neighborhoods. The traditional law enforcement model that separated public police activities and the private citizens of the neighborhood was proving ineffective in stopping crimes within specific areas. The police recognized the need to include community members in their crimefighting model, instilling a sense of power in them. This helps in a couple of specific ways. The first is that it eliminates another barrier to police effectiveness. The traditional model that kept police and private communities separate faced some level of resistance from the community. This wall of silence is broken in the community- oriented policing, whereby the community interests are integrated in the policing model. Additionally, police are able to gain vital intelligence and information that is authentic and represents real- time efforts when community members are involved. Finally, an example of how cooperation between public police elements and private citizens has integrated is evidenced in the neighborhood watch programs, where citizens are able to assume an active stance in the defense of their neighborhoods. These examples help to illuminate why the police and private citizens have chosen to integrate rather than maintain turf divisions. The face of criminal activity has demanded greater integration and a more seamless transition between public and private entities.