Circular cone has slant height of 8 cm. What are dimensions of cone to product largest volume?

2 Answers | Add Yours

Top Answer

hala718's profile pic

hala718 | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

We know that the volume of the cone is given by :

V = (1/3)*pi * r^2 * h such that r is the radius and h is the height

But we know that the slant is given by s = sqrt( h^2 + r^2)

==> s^2 = h^2 + r^2

==> r^2 = s^2 - h^2

Given that the slant s = 8

==> r^2 = 64- h^2

Now we will substitute into the volume,

==> V = (1/3)*pi* h * ( 64-h^2)

==> V = (1/3)pi*( 64h - h^3)

==> (64pi/3)h - pi/3 * h^3

Now we know that the maximum point if the derivatives zero.

==> v' = 64pi/3 - pi*h^2 = 0

==> h^2 = 64pi/3pi = 64/3

==> h= 8/sqrt3 = 4.62 cm

Now we will find r.

==> r^2 = s^2 - h^2 = 64 - 64/3 = 128/3

==> r= sqrt(128/3) = 8sqrt(2/3)= 6.532 cm

Then the dimensions of the cone are : radius = 6.532 cm and the height h= 4.62 cm

 

 

justaguide's profile pic

justaguide | College Teacher | (Level 2) Distinguished Educator

Posted on

The volume of the cone is (1/3)*pi*r^2*h.

Let the radius be r and the height be h. According to Pythagorean Theorem, r^2 + h^2 = 8^2

=> r^2 = 64 - h^2

This gives the volume as V = (1/3)*pi*(64 - h^2)*h

=> V = (1/3)*pi*(64h - h^3)

To maximize volume we have to find dV/dh and solve for h using dV/dh = 0

dV/dh = (1/3)*pi*(64 - 3h^2)

(1/3)*pi*(64 - 3h^2) = 0

=> 3h^2 = 64

=> h^2 = 64/3

=> h = 8/sqrt 3

r = sqrt(64 - 64/3) = sqrt(2*64/3)

=> 8*sqrt(2/3)

For the largest volume the radius should be 8*sqrt(2/3) and the height should be 8/(sqrt 3)

We’ve answered 318,912 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question