Choose any current event/issue and explain how it deals with the US Constitution.
We're supposed to explain the issue, then the controversey surrounding the issue and the US constitution, and which parts of the government will determine the outcome, and how it should be decided/fixed/etc based on the constitution.
Current issue: Christmas displays, since 'tis the season...
Many places want to put up Christmas scenes on public property and/or with public money. This has become controversial.
Why controversial? The 1st Amendment says that government shall make no law affecting an establishment of religion. Some say this just means the government can't set up an official religion, others say it means government can't promote religion in any way.
In general, this issue gets resolved by the Supreme Court if it gets that far, or by lower-level governments which go by what they think the Supreme Court would say.
How should it be decided? Who knows? There's no real way to say what the establishment clause really says on this issue.
There will be many answers to this particular question because the Constitution is such an integral part to our lives. The current trial of the mastermind or plotters of the September 11 attacks is ongoing in New York. The question that has Constitutional relevancy is whether or not the death penalty will be sought for these individuals. The death penalty has been a subject of Constitutional inquiry because of its application to the 8th Amendment's clause which forbids "cruel and unusual punishment." Throughout American History, the support of the death penalty has swung like a pendulum from one side to the other, but the consistent theme in all of this has been the notion that treason against the state is punishable by death. This would be the issue confronting us right now in this particular case.
The Constitution, as the founding document of the United States, was designed to separate and restrict government powers. The philosophy behind its structure was based on Enlightenment thinking, which promulgated that individuals have rights that they are free to exercise, as long as one's rights do not infringe upon another's.
The question should read "How does the Constitution deal with any current event/issue?" One that comes to mind is Heller v. District of Columbia, in which the Supreme Court ruled that an individual possesses the right to possess firearms, and that the District cannot require that a firearm be made nonfunctional when stored in the home, as this violates the Second Amendment. Heller has become a "test case;" other cities or states that have laws restricting or eliminating possession of firearms will, most likely, be brought to court and the law nullified, due to the Heller case.