There is an increasing movement in the United States for the education and influencing of children to be passed from the parents to another body, whether it be the state or the school system. You might check into the following links for more information.
Children are shaped by society. As they grow, they watch how the world works. Children learn from parents, but they also learn from the television and movies, watching people, and these days from the internet too. This can have as much influence as parents.
What are you actually asking? Your question is not that clear, unfortunately. Are you asking for ideas on the essay title "A Child and the Society"? If this is the case, you will need to think of how a child is the product of its society and how society, to a greater or lesser extent, fashions the identity of that child. Otherwise, please give us more information so we can help you.