Stave I: Marley's Ghost appears to Scrooge and tells him that he must change his behaviour and attitude or end up another unhappy ghost like Marley.
Stave II: Ghost of Christmas Past shows Scrooge how he became the person he is. Seeing himself in school and his sister Fan awaken positive memories in him. Fezwig makes him think about the importance of being kind. Bella’s husband’s comment makes him realize what his future will be like and makes him regret being alone.
Stave III: Ghost of Christmas Present makes Scrooge aware of the happiness in poverty of Cratchit’s family and lets him see how they view Scrooge. He learns that Tiny Tim will die. Fred’s family gives him self knowledge.
Stave IV: Ghost of Christmas yet to Come shows him his future and makes him realize that he doesn’t want the future of being a rich miser.