The charge that some affirmative action programs discriminate against whites is called
A. racial profiling.
B. reverse discrimination.
D. anti-bias civil rights.
E. adverse minority preference.
Option B is the correct answer to this question. When government policies take race into account in such a way as to help non-white people, critics often label it “reverse discrimination.” It is called this because regular discrimination tends to harm non-white people. When discrimination harms white people, it goes in the reverse direction compared to normal.
We can also see that the other options are wrong. Racial profiling occurs when the police arrest or investigate people based on the idea that people of their race tend to commit certain crimes. For example, investigating people of Middle Eastern descent for terrorism could be a product of racial profiling. “Quota-busting” is a term I only know from business (sales). Anti-bias civil rights is not a commonly used term. It would presumably refer to laws meant to protect non-whites. Finally, “adverse minority preference” is another term that is not really used. It appears to be a mashup of the terms “adverse impact” and “minority preference.”
So, Option B is the correct answer.