What are the characteristics of a progressive wave?

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Progressive waves travel from location to location by transferring energy through particles of whatever medium they pass through. When this transfer of energy occurs perpendicular to the direction in which the wave is traveling the waves are called transverse waves. Alternatively, when energy displaces the particles in the same direction...

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Progressive waves travel from location to location by transferring energy through particles of whatever medium they pass through. When this transfer of energy occurs perpendicular to the direction in which the wave is traveling the waves are called transverse waves. Alternatively, when energy displaces the particles in the same direction as the wave is traveling these waves are referred to as longitudinal waves. Despite being different, both kinds of progressive waves are described using the same set of characteristics. The total length it takes a wave to make one full cycle is referred to as its wave length. The distance between the peak of the wave and the starting equilibrium point of the wave is referred to as the amplitude. Another characteristic is the number of full wave cycles per a unit of time. This is known as the wave's frequency. A fourth characteristic of the wave, its period, refers to the amount of time it takes for the wave to travel one full wavelength. Another wave characteristic, speed, can be defined as the amount of distance the wave moves over a unit of time. Hope this helps!     

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