Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift is a novel which is structured as an account of travels of a middle-class Englishman named Lemuel Gulliver. As he travels, he encounters various fantastical beings. The characters he encounters, underneath their fantastic guises, are intended to satirize or critique many of the aspects of the England of Swift's time.
The inhabitants of Lilliput are described as very tiny. They are ruled by the Emperor Golbasto Momarem Evlame Gurdilo Shefin Mully Ully Gue. They are primarily intended as a satire of British politics, and especially of political and sectarian squabbles. The people of Lilliput are divided into many factions fighting over differences which are ultimately trivial, such as whether to open the big or little end of the egg first. The members of the Lilliput court are portrayed as petty, obsessed with status, and corrupt. They endlessly maneuver to obtain political or status advantages at court.